Terminology

Five Precepts    

Reigi o omonzubeshi               “Respect and manners”
Taido o imashimubeshi           “Be prudent in action”
Gengo o tsutsushimubeshi      “Be prudent in speech”
Iki o sakan ni subeshi             “Keep high spirited”
Seiketsu o mune to subeshi     “Keep yourself clean”

KarateWrittenTest

The number in parenthesis indicates the kyu for which the term is required to be known verbally.  The student will be required to know the term in a written form at one kyu below the kyu at which they must know it verbally.  For example, (7th) means that one must know this term verbally in order to test for 7th kyu (or 2nd degree yellow belt) and be able to write it in order to test for 6th kyu (1st degree blue belt).  Students begin taking written exams at 6th kyu.  An 85% must be made on the exam in order to earn the promotion.

Terminology by Rank


Yoshukai Terms

  • (8th) Five precepts of Yoshukai Karate
  • (8th) Yoshukai – Strive for Excellence
  • (8th) Japanese Headquarter – Kitakyushu City, Japan
  • (8th) US Headquarter – Dothan, Alabama
  • (8th) World Director: Kaicho Katsuoh Yamamoto (Judan – 10th degree)
  • (8th) US Directors: Master Hiroaki Toyama (Hachidan), Master Mike Culbreth (Hachidan)
  • (6th) Year Yoshukai was Founded: 1963
  • (6th) Year Yoshukai was brought to the US: 1967
  • (6th) Year WYKKO was founded: 2000
  • (6th) Highest ranked US instructor: Master Toyama (Hachidan- 8th degree)
  • (6th) West Coast Director: Shihan Gerry Blanck (Shichidan- 7th degree)
  • (6th) Yoshukai Byword – Patience – Nin
  • (5th) Five precepts of Yoshukai Karate in Japanese
  • (4th) Patch – Yata no Kagami (truth, goodness, beauty)
  • (4th) Yoshukai – Association of Continued Improvement
  • (3rd) Yoshukai Motto – Make efforts and you will achieve – Rikki Hitatsu
  • (2nd) Yoshukan – Precursor to Yoshukai, Training Hall of Continued Improvement


Forms (kata)

  • (8th) Twenty-Seven Movements – Nijushichi No Kata
  • (8th) First Basic Form – Kihon Kata Shodan
  • (7th) Second Basic Form – Kihon Kata Nidan
  • (7th) Third Basic Form – Kihon Kata Sandan
  • (6th) Fourth Basic Form – Kihon Kata Yondan
  • (6th) Advancing and Retreating – Zenshin Kotai
  • (5th) Four Ways – Shiho Hai
  • (5th) Basic Nunchaku Form – Kihon Kata Nunchaku
  • (4th) Thirteen Hands – Seisan
  • (4th) First Basic Nunchaku Form – Kihon Kata Shodan Nunchaku
  • (3rd) First Basic Bo Form – Kihon Kata Shodan Bo
  • (2nd) Twenty-Four Steps – Niseishi
  • (2nd) Second Basic Bo Form – Kihon Kata Nidan Bo
  • (2nd) Advancing and Retreating Sai – Zenshin Kotai Sai
  • (1st) Vision of the Crane Small or Sign of the White Heron Small – Rohai Sho
  • (1st) Third Basic Bo Form – Kihon Kata Sandan Bo
  • (1st) Fighting to the Four Directions Sai – Shiho Hai Sai
  • (Nidan) Vision of the Crane Large or Sign of the White Heron Large – Rohai Dai
  • (Nidan) Endless/Infinity – Mugen
  • (Nidan) Twisting Body Motion – Tenshin
  • (Nidan) To Breach a Fortress – Bassai
  • (Nidan) Fighting to the East – Chinto
  • (Nidan) Ending the Morning Mist – Shounnokon
  • (Sandan) Monks of Peace – Sochin
  • (Sandan) Rolling Palms – Tensho
  • (Yondan) Thirty-Four Hands – San Shi Ryu
  • (Godan) Tiger Eyes – Ru San
  • (Godan) Dragon Mountain – Ryu San
  • (Godan) Dragon in the Sky – Un Ryu
  • (Godan) Inspired by Kung Shang K’ung – Kusanku


Stances (tachi)

  • (7th) Front Stance – Zenkutsudachi
  • (7th) Defensive Straddle Stance – Boubi Shikodachi
  • (7th) Offensive Straddle Stance – Kougeki Shikodachi
  • (6th) Ready Stance – Uchihachijidachi
  • (6th) Attention Stance – Musobidachi
  • (6th) Forward Stance – Mae Dachi
  • (6th) Scissor Stance – Hasamidachi
  • (5th) One Legged Stance – Ippon Ashidachi
  • (5th) Parallel Stance – Heikodachi
  • (5th) Immovable Stance – Fudodachi
  • (4th) Cat Stance – Neko Ashidachi
  • (4th) Sword (Kneeling) Stance – Iai Dachi
  • (3rd) Horse Stance – Kibadachi
  • (3rd) Hourglass Stance – Sanchin dachi
  • (3rd) Back Stance – Kokutsudachi


Blocks (uke)

  • (7th) Upper Block – Jodan Uke
  • (7th) Inside Center Block – Chuudan Uchi Uke
  • (7th) Outside Center Block – Chuudan Soto Uke
  • (7th) Down Block – Gedan Uke
  • (6th) Knifehand Block – Shuto Uke
  • (6th) Palm Heel Block – Shotei Uke
  • (6th) Ridgehand Block – Haito Uke
  • (5th) Elbow Block – Embi Uke
  • (5th) Knee Block – Hiza Uke
  • (4th) (Upper/Lower) Crosshand Block – (Jodan/Gedan) Juji Uke
  • (4th) Back Hand Block – Haisho Uke
  • (3rd) Wedge Block – Kakiwake Uke
  • (1st) Zenshi-no-kamae – Heaven and Earth Posture


Strikes (atemi)

  • (7th) Fist – Seiken
  • (7th) Upper Punch – Jodan Zuki
  • (7th) Center Punch – Chuudan Zuki
  • (7th) Down Punch – Gedan Zuki
  • (6th) (Upper/Center/Down) Same Side Punch – (Jodan/Chuudan/Gedan) Jun Zuki
  • (6th) (Upper/Center/Down) Reverse Punch – (Jodan/Chuudan/Gedan) Gyaku Zuki
  • (6th) Knife Hand – Shuto
  • (6th) Inward Knife Hand – Ura Shuto
  • (6th) Backfirst – Uraken
  • (6th) Palm Strike – Shotei
  • (6th) Ridge Hand – Haito
  • (6th) Elbow Strike – Embi
  • (6th) Knee – Hiza Geri
  • (6th) Hammer Fist – Tsutsuken
  • (5th) Back Hand – Haisho
  • (5th) Bent Wrist – Koken
  • (5th) Spear Hand – Nukite
  • (4th) 2 Finger Spear Hand – Nihon Nukite
  • (4th) Head Strike – Zutsuki
  • (3rd) Flying Knee – Tobi Hiza Geri
  • (3rd) Chasing Punch – Oizuki
  • (2nd) Bear Hand – Kumade


Kicks (keri)

  • (7th) Front Kick – Mae Geri
  • (7th) Round Kick – Mawashi Geri
  • (7th) Side Kick – Yoko Geri
  • (6th) Jump Front Kick – Nidan Geri
  • (6th) (Inside/Outside) Crescent Kick – (Uchi/Soto) Ko Geri
  • (6th) Flying Side Kick – Tobi Yoko Geri
  • (6th) Forward Spinning Side Kick – Zenpou Yoko Geri
  • (5th) Hook Kick – Kake Geri
  • (5th) Shin Kick – Sune Geri
  • (4th) Axe Kick – Kakato Otoshi
  • (4th) Back Spinning Side Kick – Ushiro Yoko Geri
  • (3rd) Spinning Crescent Kick – Ushiro Ko Geri
  • (3rd) Tornado Kick – Tobi Mawashi Ko Geri
  • (3rd) (Front/Back) Spinning Hook Kick – (Zenpou/Ushiro) Kake Geri
  • (3rd) Back Kick – Ushiro Geri
  • (2nd) Jump Round Kick – Nidan Mawashi Geri
  • (2nd) Jump Spinning Hook Kick – Tobi Ushiro Kake Geri
  • (2nd) Jump Spinning Crescent Kick – Tobi Ushiro Ko Geri
  • (1st) Chasing Kick – Oigeri


Striking Areas

  • (5th) Ball of Foot – Koshi
  • (5th) Instep – Haisoku
  • (5th) Blade of Foot – Sokuto
  • (5th) Heel – Kakato
  • (5th) Tail of Nunchaku – Shiri
  • (5th) Grip of Nunchaku – Nigiri
  • (5th) Head of Nunchaku – Atama
  • (5th) Joint of Nunchaku – Tsunagi
  • (3rd) Center of Bo – Shin
  • (3rd) Shoulder of Bo – Kata
  • (3rd) Striking Area of Bo – Monouchi
  • (3rd) Point of Bo – Yari
  • (1st) Head of Sai – Tsukagashira
  • (1st) Grip of Sai – Nigiri
  • (1st) Nail of Sai – Tsume
  • (1st) Striking Area of Sai – Monouchi
  • (1st) Point of Sai – Yari
  • (1st) Leg – Ashi
  • (1st) Hand – Te
  • (Sandan) Head of Tonfa – Atama
  • (Sandan) Grip of Tonfa – Nigiri
  • (Sandan) Tail of Tonfa – Shiri


Karate Terms

  • (8th) Instructor – Sensei
  • (8th) Karate School – Dojo
  • (8th) Karate Uniform – Dogi
  • (8th) Belt – Obi
  • (8th) Bow – Rei
  • (8th) Yell – Kiai
  • (8th) Prepare – Yoi
  • (8th) Fist to Hip – Tsuki
  • (8th) Finish – Yame
  • (8th) Attention – Kiyotsuke
  • (7th) Begin – Hajime
  • (7th) Relax – Yasume
  • (7th) Empty Hand – Karate
  • (6th) Black Belt Rank – Yudansha
  • (6th) Right – Migi
  • (6th) Left – Hidari
  • (5th) Good Morning – Ohayo
  • (5th) Good Afternoon – Konnichiwa
  • (5th) Good Evening – Konban Wa
  • (5th) Thank You – Arigato
  • (5th) Goodbye – Sayonara
  • (5th) Yes – Hai
  • (5th) No – Iie
  • (5th) Stop – Matte
  • (5th) Turn – Mawatte
  • (5th) Close eyes – Mokuso
  • (5th) Open Eyes – Kaimoku
  • (5th) Ready – Kumae
  • (5th) Ready weapons – Kumae-te
  • (5th) Falling – Ukemi
  • (4th) Do you understand? – Wakarimasu ka
  • (4th) I understand – Wakarimasu
  • (4th) How are you? – O genki desu ka
  • (4th) I am fine – Genki desu
  • (4th) Punching Board – Makiwara
  • (3rd) The way – Michi
  • (3rd) Kneel down – Seiza
  • (3rd) Stand up – Kiritsu
  • (3rd) Line up – Seiretsu
  • (3rd) Breaking – Tameshiwari
  • (3rd) Art of catching a sword with your hands – Shinkinshirahidori
  • (2nd) Full Point – Ippon
  • (2nd) Half Point – Wazari
  • (2nd) Judge’s Decision – Hantei
  • (2nd) Change feet – Kaete
  • (2nd) Technique – Waza
  • (1st) Karate student – Seito
  • (1st) Front of dojo – Shomen
  • (Shodan) Checkered Belt – Madara Obi


Yudansha Titles
(5th)

  • Yudansha – Shodan and Nidan (1st & 2nd degree)
  • Sempai – Sandan (3rd degree)
  • Shihan-Dai – Yondan (4th degree)
  • Shihan – Yondan through Shichidan (5th degree to 7th degree)
  • Renshi – Rokudan (6th degree)
  • Kyoshi – Shichidan (7th degree)
  • Kaicho – President (Master Toyama & Master Culbreth)
  • Soke – Founder (Master Yamamoto)


Counting

  • Ichi
  • Ni
  • San
  • Shi
  • Go
  • Roku
  • Shichi
  • Hachi
  • Kyu
  • Juu
  • Juu Ichi
  • Juu Ni…
  • Ni Juu
  • Ni Juu Ichi…
  • San Juu
  • Yon Juu Ichi…
  • Hiyaku – One Hundred


Kanji (1st)

Rikki Hitastu
Rikki Hitastu

 

 

 

 

 

 

Michi
Michi

 

 

 

 

 

Yoshukai
Yoshukai

 

 

 

 

Karate
Karate

 

 

 

 

 

Patience
Nin